This town on the north Wales coast, on the Dee estuary, is not much visited by tourists. It used to be important in Roman times because of the mines nearby-even today mining and chemical manufacture are the town's chief industries. In the Middle Ages it acquired some importance because of Flint Castle, by the sea. This is probably one of Edward I's structures. It was here that Edward II rejoiced to meet his favourite, Piers Gaveston, just back from his banishment in Ireland. Here, too, as Shakespeare tells us, Richard II was betrayed to Bolingbroke. This is hardly true, but what is good enough for Shakespeare will do. In welsh, it is spelled "Y Fflint".